for charlie and ibrahim that they lie in the same grave

by elizabeth veldon

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charlie was a captive elephant (the then largest in captivity) who lived with his keeper and companion ibrahim at craigend zoo near milngavie.

when the zoo closed down in 1955 they moved to the butlins in ayr and then on to yorkshire where charlie became distraught and, eventually, violent after the death of ibrahim and was put down in 1961

i like to imagine that charley and ibrahim where at their happiest in craigend and their relationship shows that humans and other animals can have friendships which are deep and meaningful but, in the end, charlie's story was tragic. charlie belonged in the wild, not in captivity.

'work with animals is a source of suffering to all of us. we treat them like babies who cannot speak'

oleg gazenko


released September 25, 2016



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elizabeth veldon UK

i am a sound artist working primarily in the areas of long form drone, minimalism and improvisation

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